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  • Nightlife Secure Seal | Best Practices | Security Procedures | Technical Standards | International Regulations


    The INTERNATIONAL NIGHTLIFE ASSOCIATION decided to take the first step in order to improve the safety in nightlife venues and protect the establishment's audience, no matter where the respective country is located. The compliance of these international minimum security standards would be verified by a prestigious international certifying entity of security and public liability. Once compliance of the standards have been verified, the venue will get a badge certifying it from the International Nightlife Association, which should be placed in the establishment’s entry. This badge will have “Nightlife Safe" or "Nightlife Approved" written on it. Insurers have agreed to lower insurance premium costs if standards have been met. 


    The goal is to create a set of international safety and security standards for all bars, clubs and all other liquor licensed establishments.  Currently there are over 10 large U.S. cities that have created their own “Standards”.  None of these “Standards” match one another and none are used outside of their respective cities. 

    INA International Nightlife Association
    DOCUMENT #: INA A2010-2015 (R2016) 
    TITLE: Requirements and guidance for organizers of safe events 

    This is the first edition of Requirements and guidance for organizers of safe events. This Standard provides security and emergency management guidance to venues for planned events.

    A safe event entails incorporating considerations of the environmental, social, and economic impacts of hosting an event into all areas of event planning and management in order to minimize negative impacts, augment positive benefits, and create positive legacies for present and future generations.

    The International Nightlife Association is a non-profit organization that originated in 2012. The structure of the congress provides a representative and equitable partnership among regulators, industry, academia, professional organizations, and consumers to identify problems, formulate recommendations, and develop and implement practices that ensure event safety. New rapidly developing event technologies and marketing innovations challenge all groups involved in event production and monitoring to work together to enhance the quality of the events. The Nightlife Association meets at least biennially to provide that forum.


    This Standard specifies requirements for organizing and executing safe events, and provides guidance on how to engage, inspire, and continually improve the performance of events contributing to safe development.

    While the event will be more safe, it will not necessarily be safe in absolute terms. Implementation of this Standard may not be used to support a claim of absolute sustainability.

    This Standard is applicable for use by organizations or individuals responsible for organizing events and applies to the full range of event types and sizes.

    Event types include cultural, business, and sporting events and festivals. Event can refer to a single or a recurring event.

    This Standard may also prove useful to event funders or sponsors who wish to encourage safety goals and objectives internally or externally.

    This Standard applies to the life cycle of event management, including the planning, execution, and closure phases, but not to the content or theme of the event.

    In INA standards, shall is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; should is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and may is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.

    Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.

    Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.

    Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (nonmandatory) to define their application.


    Reduce guard assaults, reduce injury, and reduce violence; reduce police responses to the venue; reduce venue crime; reduce civil lawsuits; reduce civil lawsuit payouts; and reduce underage drinking.


    Hospitality Industry Standards


    Safety Inspection Guide and Schedule
    Basic emergency Procedures
    Evacuation and Disaster Plan
    Alcohol Service Training
    Security Training
    Written Security Specific Policies
    Acceptable Identification Policy
    Alcohol Service Policy
    Zero Tolerance Drug Policy
    Designated Driver Program


    Nightlife Secure Seal - Venue Safety Industry Guidelines

    1. LEGAL
      Has a current business license and approved occupancy perm
      Property damage insurance (all risks): coverage on material damage (all risks), the property valuation should reflect the cost of rebuilding or replacing the buildings and trade contents as new and stock should be valued at cost, careful of market values 
      Public liability insurance: covers claims by your customers or damage to the bar arising through the negligence or through the employees
      Training programs to teach staff members how to handle the risks and responsibilities of their duties. Security and control staff must be certified in security, food and drink safety training. Have written security procedures, protection, exit and evacuation plans. 
      Certified training for Food handlers to understand correct food storage, preparation and service; to Prevent poor personal hygiene, inappropriate storage or refrigeration, inadequate cooking or re-heating, cross-contamination from raw to cooked food, infected food handler. Have a clean and sanitary cooking & serving areas.
    4. SAFETY
      Fire Equipment inspected regularly. Must have unobstructed Exits/Evacuation routes indicated with lighted signage. Emergency exit doors must have anti-panic bars and exit outward; to an evacuation area or fire safe zone.
    5. HEALTH
      Have a First-Aid Kit available. Provide tap water stations to help prevent heat stroke. Staff trained in First-Aid and CPR.



    1. HIRING PRACTICES – Managers perform real interviews or go through a background vetting process. 
      Have your current staff ask specific questions of the potential new employee, to create a better skills evaluation of the candidate. 
      Fill out application. Conduct a full criminal background check using their own states guard licensing processes.  
    2. POLICIES - Employees must be given guidelines on the operation and these policies must be reiterated.
      Management should have a receipt signed by the employee they received the operations manual and understand its contents and expectations. Consideration should be given to "test" employees on the contents. A Discipline Manual may include a handout to explain violations of policy, including Verbal Counseling, Written Counseling, Work Suspension, Termination, and a Violators Log.
    3. TRAINING - Actual educational training to give employees true guidelines, limits and methods to solve problems.
      Hiring and providing formal in house or private training for employees, taught the operations policies, procedures and techniques of incident management. After this classroom training, the employee is now on the floor with a senior employee to reinforce the prior training during actual shift events using OJT. 
    4. MANAGEMENT - A trained Manager must be on duty, to be on top of all areas surrounding the policies and procedures.
      Managers should accept that their jobs can be made easier by a properly trained staff, to allow employees some decision making power while understanding when to get a manager for more unique issues, for true crisis management of an event. 
    5. STAFFING -  Allowing staff to leave early truly increases the chance of violence. 
      The hospitality industry minimum standard for guards to guests is 1:50 or 1:75; meaning 1 guard per every 50 or 75 guests.  It is very important to remember that these industry standard minimum rations are for the capacity of the venue only. So, in simple math, if the bar has a capacity of 200 people, then, if they used the minimum industry standard, they would want minimum 3 or 4 guards.



    1. Silver Safe Industry Standards, plus
    2. Bar owners must also implement strict measures to prevent acts of violence, anti social behavior and drunkenness in the bar to safeguard their staff members against harassment, intimidation or ill-treatment from customers or other employees. 
    3. Annual voluntary evacuation drills
    4. Bi-annual voluntary fire inspections
    5. Employee completion of fire extinguisher training every 2 years
    6. Security employee completion of an NIGHTLIFE approved security certification every 2 years - like the full 12 hour, in person, National HOST Security Certification.
    7. Minimum of (4) basic First Aid trained employees
    8. Minimum of (1) wall mounted automatic defibrillator per floor of venue
    9. Safety: Patron code of conduct. Venue has CCTV surveillance system in operation, uses radio communication, metal detectors to forbid weapons and prevent terrorism attacks.

    Community Harm Reduction Strategies

    • Venues will work with police, without fear of backlash, to eliminate violators
    • Establish Club Policies = Security Plan & Daily Checklist to prove compliance
    • Employee Background Check = Certifications
    • Employee Vigilance = Prevent criminal, civil, and administrative liability
    • Prevent Drug Use = Education / Amnesty Bins
    • Prevent Underage Drinking = ID Scanner
    • Prevent Over-Intoxication = No overpouring
    • Prevent Sexual Assaults = Buddy System
    • Prevent Robbery & Theft, especially Cellphones = Keep a low profile
    • Prevent Violence from Escalating = Verbal Judo
    • Prevent Impaired Driving = D.D., Public Transportation, Taxi, Uber/Lyft Codes
    • Prevent Crowd Loitering = Establishing staggered closing times


    Reduce violence, reduce insurance claims, reduce police visits, reduced attorney fees.


  • Tax Compliance

    Tax Compliance - The most important tax compliance issues for restaurant and tavern owners involve sales tax compliance. Being familiar with your obligations under the law are critical to your success. Your Responsibilities Under the State and Local Sales and Use Tax Laws,provides the key information you need to know to stay in compliance.The most important sales tax compliance issue for you to be familiar with is the Record keeping Requirements for Sales Tax Vendors. Failure to meet your record keeping requirements can expose you to sales tax assessments based on external factors having only a limited application to your business.

    Labor Law Compliance - Complying with the Labor Law is an important obligation of hospitality business owners. Being familiar with the laws and regulations applicable to your operation is critical to your bottom line and essential to a well-functioning business. The US Department of Labor’s Office of Compliance Assistance Policy has set-up a compliance assistance website with clear and easy-to-access information on how to comply with federal employment laws.  National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) will assert jurisdiction over retail businesses that have a gross annual volume of business (sales) of $500,000 or mor, The Hospitality Wage Order Page explains the new wage order and your obligations. The Wage Theft Prevention Act and its provisions are explained in this Wage Theft Prevention Act FAQs.

    Alcohol/Liquor Control Compliance

    Complying with the laws and rules governing your business can be complicated, but its essential to the continued operation of your business. Our compliance tools can help you avoid violations and the subsequent fines and license suspensions that you can receive if found guilty of these allegations.

    United States of America

    Entertainment Technical Standards

    Document Number and Title Document Scope

    Working Group

    Standard Approved

    ANSI E1.1 - 2012

    Entertainment Technology - Construction and Use of Wire Rope Ladders

    ANSI E1.1 - 2012 describes the construction and use of wire rope ladders in the entertainment industry. It is a revision of the 2006 standard to raise the load rating to accomodate heavier workers. Wire rope ladders are distinguished from other ladders by having flexible rails. They are used in applications where ladders with rigid rails are impractical to use, or where a rigid ladder would pose a greater danger to the user or other workers in the area.  Rigging


    June 19, 2012
    ANSI E1.2 - 2012

    Entertainment Technology — Design, Manufacture and Use of Aluminum Trusses and Towers

    ANSI E1.2 describes the design, manufacture, and use of aluminum trusses, towers, and associated aluminum structural components, such as head blocks, sleeve blocks, bases, and corner blocks, used in the entertainment industry in portable structures.  Rigging


    January 15, 2013
    ANSI E1.3 - 2001 (R2011)

    Entertainment Technology - Lighting Control Systems - 0 to 10V Analog Control Specification

    ANSI E1.3, Entertainment Technology - Lighting Control Systems - 0 to 10V Analog Control Specification, describes a method of controlling equipment by means of an analog control voltage in the nominal range from zero to 10 volts positive, with the controller sourcing the signal current. This edition is a reaffirmation of the previous edition. It contains no substantive changes.

    Note that many devices in the architectural market, such as dimming LED drivers and dimming fluorescent ballasts, are nominally 0-10V controlled, but they are designed to have the controller sinkthe current. ANSI E1.3 will not control them directly. See IES TM-23-11 for a discussion of control protocols in architectural lighting. 

    Control Protocols


    June 28, 2011
    ANSI E1.4-2014

    Entertainment Technology - Manual Counterweight Rigging Systems

    ANSI E1.4 - 2014, Entertainment Technology - Manual Counterweight Rigging Systems, describes the design and construction of manually powered counterweight rigging systems to help assure the safety of these system. The standard does not cover motorized systems, systems for flying performers, or systems used for moving materials during building construction.   Rigging


    January 24, 2014
    ANSI E1.5 - 2009 (R2014)

    Entertainment Technology - Theatrical Fog Made With Aqueous Solutions of Di- And Trihydric Alcohols

    This standard describes the composition of theatrical fogs or artificial mists that are not likely to be harmful to otherwise healthy performers, technicians, or audience members of normal working age. This standard is intended to be applied in theatres, arenas, and other places of entertainment or public assembly where theatrical fogs and mists are often used. It lists what is permissible in the fog or haze and how much can be there on a short-term and long-term basis.   Fog & Smoke


    June 09, 2014
    ANSI E1.6-1 - 2012

    Entertainment Technology – Powered Hoist Systems

    ANSI E1.6-1 - 2012, Entertainment Technology – Powered Hoist Systems, establishes requirements for the design, manufacture, installation, inspection, and maintenance of powered hoist systems for lifting and suspension of loads for performance, presentation, and theatrical production. This standard does not apply to the structure to which the hoist is attached, to the attachment of loads to the load carrying device, to systems for flying people, to welded link chain hoists, or to manually powered hoists.   Rigging


    October 16, 2012
    ANSI E1.6-2 - 2013

    Entertainment Technology — Design, Inspection, and Maintenance of Electric Chain Hoists for the Entertainment Industry

    ANSI E1.6-2 - 2013 is part of the E1.6 powered entertainment rigging suite of standards.It covers the design, inspection, and maintenance of serially manufactured electric link chain hoists having capacity of 2 tons or less and used in the entertainment industry. This standard does not cover attachment to the load or to the overhead structure. Controls used for multiple hoist operation are excluded from the scope of this part of the standard.   Rigging


    July 10, 2013
    ANSI E1.6-3 - 2012

    Selection and Use of Chain Hoists in the Entertainment Industry

    ANSI E1.6-3 - 2012 is part of the multi-part E1.6 powered rigging standards project. It establishes minimum safety requirements for the selection and use of serially manufactured electric link chain hoists having capacity of two tons or less in the entertainment industry. This part does not address the design or maintenance of these hoists.   Rigging


    July 03, 2012
    ANSI E1.6-4 - 2013

    Portable Control of Fixed-Speed Electric Chain Hoists in the Entertainment Industry

    ANSI E1.6-4 - 2013, Portable Control of Fixed-Speed Electric Chain Hoists in the Entertainment Industry, covers portable control systems for fixed-speed electric chain hoists used in the entertainment industry. This part 4 document completes the ANSI E1.6-x suite of powered entertainment rigging standards as it it currently exists.  Rigging


    October 03, 2013
    ANSI E1.8 - 2012

    Entertainment Technology--Loudspeaker Enclosures Intended for Overhead Suspension--Classification, Manufacture and Structural Testing

    ANSI E1.8 is a standard for the structural integrity of loudspeaker enclosures that are suspended overhead. It is designed to ensure that flown speaker enclosures don't break and drop debris.   Rigging


    January 15, 2013
    ANSI E1.9 - 2007 (R2012)

    Reporting Photometric Performance Data for Luminaires Used in Entertainment Lighting

    This standard defines the minimum photometric data to be presented on documents purporting to accurately describe the photometric performance of stage and studio luminaires used in the live entertainment and performance industries.   Photometrics


    October 15, 2012
    ANSI E1.11 - 2008 (R2013)

    Entertainment Technology - USITT DMX512-A, Asynchronous Serial Digital Data Transmission Standard for Controlling Lighting Equipment and Accessories

    ANSI E1.11 - 2008 (R2013) is a reaffirmation of the 2008 edition. ANSI E1.11 describes a method of digital data transmission for control of lighting equipment and accessories, including dimmers, color-changers, and related equipment. It intended to provide for interoperability at communication and mechanical levels with controllers and controlled equipment made by different manufacturers. It is an update and expansion of the protocol developed by the United States Institute for Theatre Technology, Inc. and published as "DMX512/1990, Digital Data Transmission Standards for Dimmers and Controllers."   Control Protocols


    March 13, 2013
    ANSI E1.14 - 2001 (R2013)

    Entertainment Technology - Recommendations for Inclusions in Fog Equipment Manuals

    The standard applies to the instruction manuals for fog-making equipment manufactured for use in the entertainment industry. In order to use fog safely and effectively, the user must have some general knowledge of the technology, have a clear understanding of how to operate the fog making system, and be aware of the potential hazards related to the use of fog, and particularly the system that he is using. This standard is designed to establish guidelines for manufacturers to provide to the user the necessary information required for the safe and responsible use of fog equipment.  Fog & Smoke


    March 13, 2013
    ANSI E1.15 - 2006 (R2011)

    Entertainment Technology--Recommended Practices and Guidelines for the Assembly and Use of Theatrical Boom & Base Assemblies

    ANSI E1.15 - 2006 (R2011), Entertainment Technology--Recommended Practices and Guidelines for the Assembly and Use of Theatrical Boom & Base Assemblies, is a reaffirmation of the 2006 standard. It gives advice on boom and base assemblies, simple ground-support devices for lighting equipment and accessories. If the assembly is tall, not plumb, loaded unevenly, or likely to get run into by stage wagons or performers, there is substantial risk. This document offers advice to lower or eliminate that risk.  Rigging


    December 06, 2011
    ANSI E1.16 - 2002 (R2012)

    Entertainment Technology - Configuration Standard for Metal Halide Ballast Power Cables

    This standard describes a standard practice for grounding contact assignment for detachable power cables on 6 kW, 12 kW and 18 kW metal-halide lamp ballasts used in the motion picture and television industries on portable studio luminaires that use a common, three-contact, circular connector.   Electrical Power


    October 15, 2012
    ANSI E1.17 - 2015

    Entertainment Technology - Architecture for Control Networks (ACN)

    ANSI E1.17 is a suite of documents that specifies an architecture, including protocols and language, which may be configured and combined with other standard protocols to form flexible, networked audio, lighting, or other control systems. It can be implemented on networks that support UDP, IP, and related protocols. It is not bound to Ethernet as a transport medium, but Ethernet is an obvious choice. ACN is being distributed via download as a ZIPped archive of PDFs and a directory of related DDL files as DDL and HTML. Only one part of the suite of documents was revised in the 2015 edition, EPI 19. All other content remains substantially unchanged from the 2010 version.  Control Protocols


    May 21, 2015
    ANSI E1.19 – 2015

    Recommended Practice for the Use of Class A Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) Intended for Personnel Protection in the Entertainment Industry

    ANSI E1.19 is intended to offer guidance, in accordance with existing applicable standards, on how to select, install, use and maintain ground fault protection devices in the entertainment industry to protect persons from shock and persons and property from fire. This is a revision of the 2009 version which incorporates new information about avoiding nuisance tripping and offers new recommendations for ground fault protection on higher ampacity circuits.  Electrical Power


    February 11, 2015
    ANSI E1.20 - 2010

    Entertainment Technology-RDM-Remote Device Management over USITT DMX512 Networks

    ANSI E1.20 - 2010, Entertainment Technology-RDM-Remote Device Management over USITT DMX512 Networks, describes a method of bi-directional communications over a USITT DMX512/1990 or ANSI E1.11 - 2004 data link between an entertainment lighting controller and one or more remotely controlled lighting devices. The protocol was written to work with the ANSI E1.11-2004 control standard, but will work equally well with the current 2009 version of E1.11. It allows discovery of devices on a DMX512/E1.11 network and the remote setting of DMX starting addresses, as well as status and fault reporting back to the control console.

    The 2010 edition corrects errors in the 2006 edition, and adds a new message to say that a previously reported problem has been cleared. The 2010 edition is bookmarked for easier use.  

    Control Protocols


    January 04, 2011
    ANSI E1.21-2013

    Entertainment Technology — Temporary Structures Used for Technical Production of Outdoor Entertainment Events

    This document establishes a minimum level of design and performance parameters for the design, manufacturing, use and maintenance of temporary ground supported structures used in the production of outdoor entertainment events. The purpose of this guidance is to ensure the structural reliability and safety of these structures and does not address fire safety and safe egress issues.   Rigging


    December 19, 2013
    ANSI E1.22 - 2009

    Entertainment Technology - Fire Safety Curtain Systems

    ANSI E1.22 - 2009, Entertainment Technology - Fire Safety Curtain Systems, describes the materials, fabrication, installation, operation, testing, and maintenance of fire safety curtains and fire safety curtain systems used for theatre proscenium opening protection. The requirements avoid cook-book descriptions of a fire safety curtain system; they specify how a fire curtain shall perform. The download document is in PDF 1.6 format, and can be opened with Adobe Acrobat or Acrobat Reader version 7 and later.  Rigging


    April 21, 2009
    ANSI E1.23 - 2010 (R2015)

    Entertainment Technology - Design and Execution of Theatrical Fog Effects

    ANSI E1.23 - 2010 (R2015), Entertainment Technology - Design and Execution of Theatrical Fog Effects, offers guidance on planning and carrying out fog effects so that recognized exposure levels are not exceeded, fire and egress hazards are not created, false alarms don't summon the fire brigade, and fog effects are executed as they are designed, performance after performance. This is a reaffirmation of the 2010 version.  Fog & Smoke


    February 13, 2015
    ANSI E1.24 - 2012

    Entertainment Technology - Dimensional Requirements for Stage Pin Connectors

    ANSI E1.24 – 2012 is a revised version of ANSI E1.24 – 2006. The standard has been revised to clarify its use as a configuration standard giving the mating requirements for male and female pin connectors, contact set-backs from the front face, and marking requirements. The electrical reliability and flammability requirements for pin connectors are outside the scope of this standard and would be covered by other standards, such as UL 498, Attachment Plugs and Receptacles.

    The download version is the standard bundled with the CAD files that were used to create the illustrations in the standard. The standard is the standard; the CAD files are simply included as a convenience for those creating connector shop drawings and are not the standard. The hard copy version is simply the 26-page standard without the CAD files.  

    Electrical Power


    January 10, 2012
    ANSI E1.25 - 2012

    Recommended Basic Conditions for Measuring the Photometric Output of Stage and Studio Luminaires by Measuring Illumination Levels Produced on a Planar Surface

    This document describes the basic conditions for measuring the photometric output of a stage or studio luminaire by testing methods that measure the illumination levels produced by the luminaire on a planar surface. These testing methods include, but are not limited to, measurements taken by digital cameras or hand-held meters. This standard is not intended to give guidance on testing conditions for testing methods that use goniophotometers.  Photometrics


    October 15, 2012
    ANSI E1.26 – 2006 (R2012)

    Entertainment Technology - Recommended Testing Methods and Values for Shock Absorption of Floors Used in Live Performance Venues

    ANSI E1.26 - 2006 (R2012), Entertainment Technology - Recommended Testing Methods and Values for Shock Absorption of Floors Used in Live Performance Venues, describes a method for measuring how stiff a performance floor is. It also suggests some ranges that have been found to be acceptable--neither too stiff nor too springy.

    The 2012 edition is bookmarked.  



    January 13, 2012
    ANSI E1.27-1 - 2006 (R2011)

    Entertainment Technology-Standard for Portable Control Cables for Use with USITT DMX512/1990 and E1.11 (DMX512-A) Products

    ANSI E1.27-1-2006 (R2011), Entertainment Technology-Standard for Portable Control Cables for Use with USITT DMX512/1990 and E1.11 (DMX512-A)Products, is a standard for portable data cable used in USITT DMX512/1990 and ANSI E1.11-2004 lighting control systems. ANSI E1.27-1 standardizes the wiring of the data cable and requires labeling so single data-pair and dual data-pair cables can be distinguished from each other. This edition is a reaffirmation of the 2006 edition.  Control Protocols


    June 28, 2011
    ANSI E1.27-2 - 2009 (R2014)

    Entertainment Technology - Recommended Practice for Permanently Installed Control Cables for Use with ANSI E1.11 (DMX512-A) and USITT DMX512/1990 Products

    ANSI E1.27-2 is the second part of a two-part standard for DMX512 cabling, and is for permanently installed cables. The first part, ANSI E1.27-1, is for portable control cables.   Control Protocols


    June 09, 2014
    ANSI E1.28 – 2011

    Guidance on planning followspot positions in places of public assembly

    ANSI E1.28 offers guidance on the planning of permanent followspot positions. It offers recommendations on the locations of the followspot positions within the venue, the power likely to be needed, the waste heat generated, the amount of space likely to be needed, and the fall protection and egress issues to be considered for the operators' safety, among other things.   Followspot Position


    July 12, 2011
    ANSI E1.29 - 2009 (R2014)

    Product Safety Standard for Theatrical Fog Generators that Create Aerosols of Water, Aqueous Solutions of Glycol or Glycerin, or Aerosols of Highly Refined Alkane Mineral Oil

    ANSI E1.29 is intended to help guide product safety testing laboratories (e.g., UL, ETL) in evaluating fog-making equipment for design or construction defects that might create unacceptable hazards. It is based on ANSI/UL 998 – 2006, Humidifiers, but has modifications to deal with safety issues peculiar to fog generators. Fog generators often are evaluated as heating appliances to assure they are not a fire or shock hazard. ANSI E1.29 considers those issues, but also has safety tests for the fog generated.  Fog & Smoke


    June 09, 2014
    ANSI E1.30-1 - 2010

    EPI 23, Device Identification Subdevice

    This EPI specifies a collection of properties which may be exposed by a DMP device to provide detailed information on the manufacturer, model, serial number, hardware and software revisions and other administrative details of the device. These properties are described in a standard format as a templated DDL (sub)device.  Control Protocols


    January 06, 2011
    ANSI E1.30-3 - 2009 (R2014)

    EPI 25, Time Reference in ACN Systems Using SNTP and NTP

    ANSI E1.30-3, EPI 25, Time Reference in ACN Systems Using SNTP and NTP, is another recipe in the E1.30 cookbook for ACN. It offers ways of providing a time reference so that events can be synchronized.  Control Protocols


    June 09, 2014
    ANSI E1.30-4 - 2010 (R2015)

    EPI 26. Device Description Language (DDL) Extensions for DMX512 and E1.31 Devices

    This EPI defines protocol specific extensions to Device Description Language for describing DMX512 devices. It is a reaffirmation of the 2010 version.  Control Protocols


    September 25, 2015
    ANSI E1.30-7 – 2009

    EPI 29, Allocation of Internet Protocol Version 4 Addresses to ACN Hosts

    ANSI E1.30-7 – 2009, EPI 29, Allocation of Internet Protocol Version 4 Addresses to ACN Hosts, is a recipe that changes some of the rules for ACN so that devices with IP addresses not set by DHCP can be used on a network. Device Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a very convenient way to assign IP addresses on a network, but there are cases when IP addresses have to be assigned a different way, perhaps manually. This EPI suggests how.

    The document's file format is PDF 1.6, which can be opened with Reader 7 or later, or an equivalent PDF reader application.  

    Control Protocols


    September 14, 2009
    ANSI E1.30-10 - 2009 (R2014)

    EPI 32, Identification of Draft Device Description Language Modules

    ANSI E1.30-10, EPI 32, is a recommended way of identifying a Device Description Language Module for ACN as a trial version, one under development, not for release yet. ANSI E1.30-10 is part of an open series of E1.30 documents that suggests ways of doing common tasks with ANSI E1.17, Architecture for Control Networks.   Control Protocols


    June 09, 2014
    ANSI E1.31 - 2009

    Entertainment Technology – Lightweight streaming protocol for transport of DMX512 using ACN

    ANSI E1.31 - 2009, Entertainment Technology – Lightweight streaming protocol for transport of DMX512 using ACN, describes a way of transporting DMX512-type data over Ethernet using ACN's (ANSI E1.17) Session Data Transport mechanism. The DMX512-type streaming data can be intermixed with random access data and high speed feedback in a flexible and scalable way on a network.

    The download document is a PDF 1.6 file, openable with Acrobat Reader 7.0 or later. 

    Control Protocols


    May 04, 2009
    ANSI E1.32 - 2012

    Guide for the Inspection of Entertainment Industry Incandescent Lamp Luminaires

    ANSI E1.32 - 2012 provides guidance in the inspection of stage and studio luminaires used in the entertainment industry to evaluate their safety and any needed maintenance. The information contained in this document is intended to supplement the information contained in manufacturers’ maintenance instructions.  Electrical Power


    July 03, 2012
    ANSI E1.34 - 2009 (R2014)

    Entertainment Technology - Measuring and Specifying the Slipperiness of Floors Used in Live Performance Venues

    ANSI E1.34 describes a very simple drag-sled for measuring the slipperiness of a performance floor, and two procedures to use with the sled. One uses standardized stainless steel feet on the sled to give a coefficent of friction number that can be used to describe the floor in a general way. The second procedure measures the slipperiness with a performer's shoe sole materials.

    ANSI E1.34 is intended for performance floors; it is not intended for measuring the slipperiness of normal walking surfaces, such as hallways and sidewalks. 



    May 29, 2014
    ANSI E1.35 - 2013

    Standard for Lens Quality Measurements for Pattern Projecting Luminaires Intended for Entertainment Use

    ANSI E1.35 describes a method for measuring stage and studio luminaire lens quality with particular emphasis on contrast and perceived image quality (sharpness). It also offers a way for presenting these results on a datasheet in a format that is readily understood by a typical end-user and that allows the end-user to directly compare lenses in a meaningful way. Without this standard, there is no way to describe how clearly a stage lighting instrument projects an image, other than by showing a person with the actual instrument and gobo.

    The download is a ZIP file that includes an EPS graphic file of the test pattern in three common gobo sizes. 



    May 06, 2013
    ANSI E1.36 – 2007 (R2012)

    Model Procedure for Permitting the Use of Tungsten-Halogen Incandescent Lamps and Stage and Studio Luminaires in Vendor Exhibit Booths in Convention and Trade Show Exhibition Halls

    This document has been written to offer a model set of procedures that can be used by convention center and trade show exhibition hall staff to mitigate the risks perceived to be associated with the use of tungsten-halogen lamps and stage and studio luminaires. This policy applies to all luminaires that use tungsten-halogen lamps and to all stage and studio luminaires being used by vendors to provide illumination or to create effects with light in exhibit booths at convention centers or trade shows.  Photometrics


    October 04, 2012
    ANSI E1.37-1 – 2012

    Additional Message Sets for ANSI E1.20 (RDM) – Part 1, Dimmer Message Sets

    ANSI E1.37-1 -2012, Additional Message Sets for ANSI E1.20 (RDM) – Part 1, is part of the E1.37 project, and provides additional get/set parameter messages (PIDs). Most of the messages in this document are intended for use with entertainment lighting dimming systems. These additional messages allow access to configuration parameters commonly found in many theatrical dimming systems.   Control Protocols


    January 13, 2012
    ANSI E1.37-2 – 2015

    Entertainment Technology – Additional Message Sets for ANSI E1.20 (RDM) – Part 2, IPv4 & DNS Configuration Messages

    ANSI E1.37-2 is another part of the multi-part, open-ended E1.37 standard. It provides additional Get/Set parameter messages (PIDs) for use with the ANSI E1.20 Remote Device Management protocol. Messages in this document are intended for configuring network interfaces, routing information and Domain Name System settings on devices with IPv4 addresses. This is a revision of the 2014 version.  Control Protocols


    September 25, 2015
    ANSI E1.39-2015

    Entertainment Technology - Selection and Use of Personal Fall Arrest Systems on Portable Structures Used in the Entertainment Industry

    This standard establishes minimum requirements for the selection and use of personal fall arrest systems (PFAS) on portable structures in the entertainment industry. In addition, the standard establishes minimum requirements for products and portable structures used in the service of PFAS. The requirements for other methods used to protect workers from fall hazards such as safety nets, guard rails, and rope access techniques are not included in this standard. This standard does not preclude the use of other appropriate standards to promote fall protection safety.  Rigging


    January 28, 2015
    ANSI E1.40 - 2011

    Recommendations For the Planning of Theatrical Dust Effects

    ANSI E1.40 - 2011, Recommendations For the Planning of Theatrical Dust Effects, gives a mixture of guidance "should" statements and mandatory "shall" statements to help people to avoid inappropriate dust effect materials, to select those that are least likely to cause health or safety problems, and to use them with care.  Fog & Smoke


    December 05, 2011
    ANSI E1.41 - 2012

    Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Photometric Performance Data for Entertainment Luminaires Utilizing Solid State Light Sources

    ANSI E1.41 - 2012, Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Photometric Performance Data for Entertainment Luminaires Utilizing Solid State Light Sources, offers recommendations for measuring and reporting the output of LED luminaires used in the live entertainment industry. This industry needs unusually precise color and color rendering characterization, which this document provides. Current methods for luminaire output measurement assume the use of broad-band emitters, which LEDs are not, and do not deal well with characterizing the intensely colored light LEDs can produce. The standard uses the CQS color rendering quality scale developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  Photometrics


    February 16, 2012
    ANSI E1.44 - 2014

    Common Show File Exchange Format For Entertainment Industry Automation Control Systems – Stage Machinery

    ANSI E1.44 is a standard for common show file requirements for automated stage machinery control systems used in entertainment venues. It establishes a minimum level of design and performance guidelines for the integrated software design of processor based machinery control equipment. The purpose of this guidance is to ensure that users will be able to transfer, modify and customize a ‘least common denominator’ show file for the data required to tour entertainment productions from one facility to another, even when the facilities’ physical conditions, hoist inventories, and placements, and the machinery control consoles and data topology differ.  Rigging


    February 06, 2014
    E1.45 - 2013

    Unidirectional Transport of IEEE 802 data frames over ANSI E1.11 (DMX512-A)

    This document has been withdrawn and is no longer an American National Standard. Essential parts of the method are protected by Korean and US patents, and the patent holder has not given assurance that the intellectual property can be licensed under reasonable terms and conditions that are demonstrably free of any unfair discrimination.  Control Protocols


    October 08, 2015
    ANSI E1.48 - 2014

    A Recommended Luminous Efficiency Function for Stage and Studio Luminaire Photometry

    ANSI E1.48 specifies an luminous efficiency function V(lambda) that more accurately represents human eye response than many other V(lambda) functions often used when measuring light energy and then expressing it in units that represent the human eye response, such as lux, lumens, and candela. The function recommended in E1.48 results in a more accurate rendering of perceived brightness, particularly with narrow-band sources that have significant energy at the extreme ends of the spectrum, than do other commonly used V(lambda) functions.  Photometrics


    January 27, 2014
    ANSI E1.54 - 2015

    PLASA Standard for Color Communication in Entertainment Lighting

    E1.54 specifies a standardized color space and defines the locations of the RGB primaries and the White Point for the purpose of facilitating the communications between lighting controllers and color-changing luminaires. It offers a standardized way of specifying color. The method is generic and is neither manufacturer-specific nor color technology-specific.   Photometrics


    May 21, 2015
    ANSI E1.55 - 2015

    Standard for Theatrical Makeup Mirror Lighting

    ANSI E1.55 - 2015, Standard for Theatrical Makeup Mirror Lighting, is a standard for the lighting systems used with makeup mirrors and makeup stations in theatres and other performance venues. It describes the topology of the makeup mirror lighting system, the quantity of light, the distribution of light from those sources, apparent source size, brightness, color rendering, and correlated color temperature. The standard was developed at the request of Actors' Equity Association to help their members.   Photometrics


    August 25, 2015
    Application Guide for ANSI E1.3 - 2001, Lighting Control Systems 0 to 10V Analog Control Specifications This document explains some of the design implications that may not be obvious in the E1.3 standard. It also offers some troubleshooting guidance for users of analog control equipment. This document does not add any requirements to the E1.3 standard, nor does it remove any requirements. All the recommendations in this document are advisory only.   Control Protocols


    Camera Crane Operator's Handbook The Camera Crane Operator’s Handbook is an illustrated booklet that outlines safe practices and good advice for a variety of camera cranes in a variety of situations. The recommendations, coupled with common sense, good judgment, and proper evaluation of each situation, greatly reduce the risk of accidents with camera cranes.  Camera Cranes


    ESTA_Boilerplate_For_Specifiers.txt ESTA_Boilerplate_For_Specifiers.txt provides cut-and-paste text as a convenience for people writing specifications and wishing to reference in those specifications standards developed in ESTA's Technical Standards Program. Use of this text will reduce the probability of undesired equipment or installation practices being offered in response to a bid or a call for proposals because a standard describing the equipment or installation practice was referenced imprecisely. This document of recommended cut-and-paste text will be revised as new standards are published and older ones are revised or reaffirmed, and as better text specifying the standards is written.   TSC


    Introduction to Modern Atmospheric Effects, 5th edition The Introduction to Modern Atmospheric Effects, 5th edition is the latest version of the popular handbook on theatrical fogs. Illustrated and with more than twice as many pages as the first and second editions, the book gives the entertainment industry a factual presentation on all types of popular atmospheric fog effects. The section on using fog offers tips on putting fog where it will do the most good, lighting it effectively, working with fire alarms, and limiting exposure. The relative advantages and disadvantages of using time/distance tables and aerosol meters to assure that exposure limits are not exceeded are discussed.  Fog & Smoke


    Recommended Practice for DMX512: A guide for users and installers, 2nd edition Recommended Practice for DMX512: A guide for users and installers, second edition, by Adam Bennette adds information about ANSI E1.11 (DMX512-A) and ANSI E1.20 (RDM) to the information about USITT's DMX512 that was offered in Bennette's original, popular Recommended Practice for DMX512. This updated edition offers advice intended to help people successfully install and use DMX512-A and RDM equipment. The document is a PLASA/USITT recommended practice, not an ANSI, USITT, or PLASA standard, but it is being offered as an educational service to the industry.



    Recommended Practice for Ethernet Cabling Systems in Entertainment Lighting Applications and the Supplement to the Recommended Practice for Ethernet Cabling Systems in Entertainment Lighting Applications The Recommended Practice for Ethernet Cabling Systems in Entertainment Lighting Applications and the Supplement to the Recommended Practice for Ethernet Cabling Systems in Entertainment Lighting Applications are now bundled together to make one packet. The combined packet is being offered at no cost as a service to people with legacy systems. The practices described are not current state of the art and are not recommended for new installations. 66 pages total.  Control Protocols



    Source: PLASA, New York, New York: PLASA. ( Note that PLASA’s Technical Standards Program (TSP) is ANSI accredited and highly recommended.


    Other Technical Standard Codes


    NOTE: Although the latest versions of the following standards are listed, some states require the use of older versions because a specific edition (year) of the standard is used in the language of the state’s law or administrative rule. Event organizers must work with local authorities having jurisdiction to determine which version of a standard or code is required to be used. Also, please note that not all standards published by each of the standard setting organizations is listed herein, and all standard setting organizations are not necessarily included in this list. The standards and codes listed were selected by the editors to include those referenced in this guide and some others that may be relevant to the live event industry. This is not a comprehensive or exhaustive list.


    American National Standards Institute [ANSI], Washington, DC: ANSI. (


    • ANSI S12.6, Subject-fit test method for measuring the real ear attenuation of hearing protectors, 1997.

    International Code Council [ICC]. Country Club Hills, Illinois: ICC. (www.iccsafe/org)


    • International building code, 2012.
    • International energy conservation code, 2012.
    • International existing building code, 2012.
    • International fire code, 2012.
    • International fuel gas code, 2012.
    • International mechanical code, 2012.
    • International plumbing code, 2012.
    • International private sewage disposal code, 2012.
    • International property maintenance code, 2012.
    • International wildland-urban interface code, 2012.
    • ICC 300, Bleachers, folding and telescoping seating, and grandstands, 2012.
    • ICC A117.1, Accessible and usable buildings and facilities, 2009.
    • ICC G3, Global guideline for practical public toilet design, 2011.
    • ICC G2, Guideline for acoustics, 2010.


    National Fire Protection Association [NFPA], Quincy, Massachusetts: NFPA. (


    • NFPA 1: Fire code, 2012.
    • NFPA 70: National electric code, 2011.
    • NFPA 70B: Recommended practice for electrical equipment maintenance, 2010.
    • NFPA 13: Standard for the installation of sprinkler systems, 2013.
    • NFPA 14: Standard for the installation of standpipes and hose systems, 2010.
    • NFPA 30: Flammable and combustible liquids code, 2012.
    • NFPA 58: Liquefied petroleum gas code, 2011.
    • NFPA 72: National fire alarm and signaling code, 2013.
    • NFPA 80: Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, 2013.
    • NFPA 101: Life safety code, 2012.
    • NFPA 101B: Code for means of egress for buildings and structures, 2002.
    • NFPA 102: Standard for grandstands, folding and telescopic seating, tents, and membrane structures, 2011.
    • NFPA 160: Standard for the use of flame effects before an audience, 2011.
    • NFPA 289: Standard Method of Fire Test for Individual Fuel Packages, 2013.
    • NFPA 297: Guide on principles and practices for communications systems, 1995.
    • NFPA 551: Guide for the evaluation of fire risk assessments, 2013.
    • NFPA 610: Guide for emergency and safety operations at motorsports venues, 2009.
    • NFPA 701: Standard methods of fire tests for flame propagation of textiles and films, 2010.
    • NFPA 730: Guide for premises security, 2011.
    • NFPA 1123: Code for fireworks display, 2010.
    • NFPA 1126: Standard for the use of pyrotechnics before a proximate audience, 2011.
    • NFPA 1561: Standard on emergency services incident management system, 2008.
    • NFPA 1600: Standard on disaster/emergency management and business continuity programs, 2010.
    • NFPA 5000: Building construction and safety code, 2012.

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration [OSHA], U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, DC: OSHA. (


    • OSHA Publication 3071, Job hazard analysis, 2002 (revised).
    • OSHA Publication 3074, Hearing conservation, 2002 (revised).
    • OSHA Publication 3075, Controlling electrical hazards, 2002.
    • OSHA Publication 3079, Respiratory protection, 2002 (revised).
    • OSHA Publication 3088, How to plan for workplace emergencies and evacuations, 2001.
    • OSHA Publication 3122, Principal emergency response and preparedness—requirements and guidelines, 2004.
    • OSHA Publication 3124, Stairways and ladders, 2003.
    • OSHA Publication 3143, Industrial hygiene, 1998.
    • OSHA Publication 3151-12R, Personal protective equipment, 2003.
    • OSHA Publication 3317, Best practices guide: Fundamentals of a workplace first-aid program, 2006.
    • OSHA Publication 3335, Preparing and protecting security personnel in emergencies, 2007.
    • OSHA Publication 3494, Fire service features of buildings and fire protection systems, 2012.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1904.10, Recording criteria for cases involving occupational hearing loss.
    • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.95, Occupational noise exposure.
      • Appendix A, Noise exposure computation
      • Appendix B, Methods for estimating the adequacy of hearing protector attenuation
      • Appendix C, Audiometric measuring instruments
      • Appendix D, Audiometric test rooms
      • Appendix E, Acoustic calibration of audiometers
      • Appendix F, Calculations and application of age corrections to audiograms
      • Appendix G, Monitoring noise levels non-mandatory informational appendix
      • Appendix H, Availability of referenced documents
      • Appendix I, Definitions
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132, Personal protective equipment, general requirements.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.133, Personal protective equipment, eye and face protection.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134, Personal protective equipment, respiratory protection.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.135, Personal protective equipment, head protection.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.136, Personal protective equipment, foot protection.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.137, Personal protective equipment, electrical protective devices.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.138, Personal protective equipment, hand protection.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147, The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout).
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.157, Portable fire extinguishers.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.158, Standpipe and hose systems.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1915, Occupational safety and health standards for shipyard employment.
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1926, Safety and health regulations for construction.

    Underwriters Laboratories [UL], Ann Arbor, Michigan: UL. (


    • UL 1975: Fire tests for foamed plastics used for decorative purposes, Third Edition, 2006.
    • ANSI/UL 711, CAN/ULC-S508: Rating and fire testing of fire extinguishers.
    • ANSI/UL 8, CAN/ULC-S554: Water-based agent fire extinguishers.
    • ANSI/UL 154, CAN/ULC-S503: Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers.
    • ANSI/UL 299, CAN/ULC-S504: Dry chemical fire extinguishers.
    • ANSI/UL 626, CAN/ULC-S507: Water fire extinguishers.
    • ANSI/UL 2129, CAN/ULC-S566: Halocarbon clean agent extinguishers.


    International Regulations

    FRANCE - Code de la santé publique · 17/03/2014

    Consolidation version to March 14, 2012


    FRANCE - Code du tourisme · 17/03/2014

    Consolidation version to January 1, 2014


    FRANCE - Code de la propriété intellectuelle · 17/03/2014

    Consolidation version to March 13, 2014


    FRANCE - Code de la construction et de l’habitation · 17/03/2014

    Consolidation version to February 23, 2014


    FRANCE - Code de l’Environnement · 17/03/2014

    Consolidation version to March 1, 2014


    FRANCE - Code général des Impôts · 17/03/2014

    Consolidation version to February 23, 2014


    SPAIN (Madrid) - Law 4/2013, 18th of december · 18/12/2013

    LEY 4/2013, de 18 de diciembre, de modificación de la Ley 17/1997, de 4 de julio, de Espectáculos Públicos y Actividades Recreativas. 


    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Order of schedules INT/358/2011, 19th of december · 19/11/2011

    ORDEN de horarios, INT/358/2011, de 19 de diciembre de 2011, aprobada por la Consejería de Interior.

    View guidelines

    SPAIN (Andalucia) - Decree 247/2011, 19th of july · 19/07/2011

    DECRETO 247/2011, de 19 de julio, por el que se modifican diversos Decretos en materia de espectáculos públicos y actividades recreativas, para su adaptación a la Ley 17/2009, de 23 de noviembre, sobre el libre acceso a las actividades de servicios y su ejercicio. 


    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Law 42/2010, 30th of december · 30/12/2010

    LEY 42/2010, de 30 de diciembre, por la que se modifica la Ley 28/2005, de 26 de diciembre, de medidas sanitarias frente al tabaquismo y reguladora de la venta, el suministro, el consumo y la publicidad de los productos del tabaco.

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    SPAIN (Valencia) - Law 14/2010, 3th of december · 03/12/2010

    LEY 14/2010, de 3 de diciembre, de la Generalitat, de Espectáculos Públicos, Actividades Recreativas y Establecimientos Públicos. 


    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Decree 112/2010, 31th of august · 31/08/2010

    DECRETO 112/2010, de 31 de agosto, por el cual se aprueba el Reglamento de espectáculos públicos y actividades recreativas.

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    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Decree 82/2010, 29th of june · 29/06/2010

    DECRETO 82/2010, de 29 de junio, por el que se aprueba el catálogo de actividades y centros obligados a adoptar medidas de autoprotección y se fija el contenido de estas medidas.

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    SPAIN (Valencia) - Decree 52/2010, 26th of march · 26/03/2010

    DECRETO 52/2010, de 26 de marzo, del Consejo, por el qual se aprueba el Reglamento de la Ley 4/2003, de 26 de febrero, de la Generalitat, d'Espectales Públics, Actividades Recreativas y Establecimientos Públicos. 


    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Law 3/2010, 18th of february · 18/02/2010

    LEY 3/2010, de 18 de febrero, de prevención y seguridad en materia de incendios en establecimientos, actividades, infraestructuras y edificios.

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    SPAIN (Galicia) - Decree 8/2010, 21th of january · 21/01/2010

    DECRETO 8/2010, de 21 de enero, por el que se regula la actividad de control de acceso a espectáculos públicos y actividades recreativas. 


    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Law 20/2009, 4th of december · 04/12/2009

    LEY 20/2009, de 4 de diciembre, de prevención y control ambiental de las actividades.

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    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Law 11/2009, 6th of july · 06/07/2009

    LEY 11/2009, de 6 de julio, de regulación administrativa de los espectáculos públicos y las actividades recreativas.

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    SPAIN (Andalucia) - Decree 195/2007, 26th of june · 26/06/2007

    DECRETO  195/2007, de 26 de junio, por el que se establecen las condiciones generales para la celebración de espectáculos públicos y actividades recreativas de carácter ocasional y extraordinario.


    SPAIN (Castilla y León) - Law 7/2006, 2th of october · 02/10/2006

    LEY 7/2006, de 2 de octubre, de espectáculos públicos y actividades recreativas de la comunidad de Castilla y León. 


    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Law 28/2005, 26th of december · 26/12/2005

    LEY 28/2005, de 26 de diciembre, de medidas sanitarias frente al tabaquismo y reguladora de la venta, el suministro, el consumo y la publicidad de los productos del tabaco.

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    SPAIN (Catalunya) - Law 16/2002, 28th of june · 28/06/2002

    LEY 16/2002, de 28 de junio, de protección contra la contaminación acústica.

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    SPAIN (Madrid) - Decree 194/1998, 22th of october · 22/10/1998

    DECRETO 194/1998, de 22 de octubre, por el que se aprueba el Catálogo de Espectáculos Públicos y Actividades Recreativas, Establecimientos, Locales e Instalaciones. 


    SPAIN (Madrid) - Law 17/1997, 4th of july · 04/07/1997

    LEY 17/1997, de 4 de julio, de Espectáculos Públicos y Actividades Recreativas.